Oyster Sentinel
References

A

Audemard, C., R. B. Carnegie & E. M. Burreson. 2008. Shellfish tissues evaluated for Perkinsus spp. using the Ray's fluid thioglycollate medium culture assay can be used for downstream molecular assays. Dis. Aquat. Org. 80: 235-239.

B

Barnes, T. K., A. K. Volety, K. Chartier, F. J. Mazzotti & L. Pearlstine. 2007. A habitat suitability index model for the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica), a tool for restoration of the Caloosahatchee Estuary, Florida. J. Shellfish Res. 26: 949-959.
Beck, M. W., R. D. Brumbaugh, L. Airoldi, A. Carranza, L. D. Coen, C. Crawford, O. Defeo, G. J. Edgar, B. Hancock, M. Kay, H. Lenihan, M. W. Luckenbach, C. L. Toropova, G. Zhang & X. Guo. 2011. Oyster reefs at risk and recommendations for conservation. Bioscience 61(2): 107-116.
Bergquist, D. C., J. A. Hale, P. Baker & S. M. Baker. 2006. Development of ecosystem indicators for the Suwannee River estuary: Oyster reef habitat quality along a salinity gradient. Estuaries Coasts 29: 353-360.
Brady, Y. J., F. S. Rikard, R. K. Wallace & D. J. Donegan. 2009. The effect of Perkinsus marinus infection on the population structure of harvested and unharvested oyster reefs in Mobile Bay, Alabama. J. Shellfish Res. 28: 684-684.
Breitburg, D. L., L. D. Coen, M. W. Luckenbach, R. Mann, M. Posey & J. A. Wesson. 2000. Oyster reef restoration: convergence of harvest and conservation strategies. J. Shellfish Res. 19: 371-377.
Brumbaugh, R. D., M. W. Beck, L. D. Coen, L. Craig & P. Hicks. 2006. A practioners guide to the design & monitoring of shellfish restoration projects: an ecosystem services approach. Arlington, VA:. The Nature Conservancy. 28 pp.
Bushek, D., S. E. Ford & I. Burt. 2012. Long-term patterns of an estuarine pathogen along a salinity gradient. J. Mar. Res. 70: 225-251.
Buzan, D. L., W. Lee, J. Culbertson, N. Kuhn, L. Robinson. 2009. Positive relationship between freshwater Inflow and oyster abundance in Galveston Bay, Texas. Estuaries Coasts 32: 206-212.

C

Cake, E. W., Jr. 1983. Habitat suitability index models: Gulf of Mexico American oyster. U.S. Dept. Int. Fish Wildl. Serv. FWS/OBS-82/10.57. 37 pp.
Chatry, M., R. J. Dugas & K. A. Easley. 1983. Optimum salinity regime for oyster production on Louisiana’s state seed grounds. Contrib. Mar. Sci. 26:81-94.
Coen, L. D., R. D. Brumbaugh, D. Bushek, R. Grizzle, M. W. Luckenbach, M. H. Posey, S. P. Powers & S. G. Tolley. 2007. Ecosystem services related to oyster restoration. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 341: 303-307.
Coen, L. D. & M. W. Luckenbach. 2000. Developing success criteria and goals for evaluating oyster reef restoration: ecological function or resource exploitation? Ecol. Eng. 15: 323-343.
Craig, A., E. N. Powell, R. R. Fay & J. M. Brooks. 1989. Distribution of Perkinsus marinus in gulf coast oyster populations. Estuaries 12: 82-91.
Culbertson, J., F. Gelwick & S. Ray. 2011. Dermo (Perkinsus marinus) infection and freshwater inflows interaction with Texas oyster population dynamics. J. Shellfish Res. 30: 498-499.

D

Dekshenieks, M. M., E. E. Hofmann, J. M. Klinck & E. N. Powell. 2000. Quantifying the effects of environmental change on an oyster population: A modeling study. Estuaries 23: 593-610.
Dekshenieks, M. M., E. E. Hofmann & E. N. Powell. 1993. Environmental effects on the growth and development of eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791), larvae-a modeling study. J. Shellfish Res. 12: 241-254.

E

Eberline, B.S. 2012. Population dynamics of the eastern oyster in the northern Gulf of Mexico, Masters Thesis. Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA. 62 p.
Eggleston, D. B. 1999. Application of landscape ecological principles to oyster reef habitat restoration. In: M.W. Luckenbach, R. Mann & J.A. Weston, eds. Oyster reef habitat restoration: a synopsis and synthesis of approaches. Gloucester Point, VA: Virginia Institute of Marine Science Press. pp. 213-227.

F

Fisher, W. S. & L. M. Oliver. 1996. A whole-oyster procedure for diagnosis of Perkinsus marinus disease using Ray's fluid thioglycollate culture medium. J. Shellfish Res. 15: 109-117.
Ford, S. E., M. J. Cummings & E. N. Powell. 2006. Estimating mortality in natural assemblages of oysters. Estuaries Coasts 29: 361–374.

G

Gauthier, J. D., C. R. Miller & A. E. Wilbur. 2005. TAQMAN ® MGB Real-time PCR approach to the quantification of Perkinsus marinus and Perkinsus spp. in oysters. J. Shellfish Res. 25:619-624.
Grabowski, J. H. & C. H. Peterson. 2007. Restoring oyster reefs to recover ecosystem services. In: K. Cuddington, J. E. Byers, W. G. Wilson & A. Hastings, eds. Ecosystem engineers: plants to protists. New York, NY: Elsevier Press. pp. 281-298.
Gunter, G. 1953. The relationship of the Bonnet Carre Spillway to oyster beds in Mississippi Sound and the "Louisiana Marsh" with a report on the 1950 opening. Publications of the Institute of Marine Science of the University of Texas 3: 17-71.
Gunter, G. 1955. Mortality of oysters and abundance of certain associates as related to salinity. Ecology 36: 601-605.
Gunter, G. 1979. Studies of the southern oyster borer, Thais haemostoma. Gulf Research Rept. 6: 249-260.

H

Harding, J. M., R. Mann & M. J. Southworth. 2008. Shell length-at-age relationships in James River, Virginia, oysters (Crassostrea virginica) collected four centuries apart. J. Shellfish Res. 27: 1109-1115.
He, Y., S. E. Ford, D. Bushek, E. N. Powell, B. Zhenmin & X. Guo. 2012. Effective population sizes of eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin) populations in Delaware Bay. J. Mar. Res. 70: 357-379.
Hofmann, E. E., J. M. Klinck, E. N. Powell, S. Boyles & M. Ellis. 1994. Modeling oyster populations. 2. Adult size and reproductive effort. J. Shellfish Res. 13: 165-182.
Hofmann, E. E., E. N. Powell, J. M. Klinck & G. Saunders. 1995. Modeling diseased oyster populations. 1. Modeling Perkinsus marinus infections in oysters. J. Shellfish Res. 14: 121-151.
Hopkins, S. H. 1950. The inter-relationship of weight, volume, and linear measurements of oysters and the number of oysters per Louisiana sack measure. Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. 15 pp.
Hopkins, S. H. 1955. Oyster setting on the Gulf Coast. Proc. Natl. Shellfish Assoc. 45: 52-55.
Hopkins, S. H., J. C. Mackin & R. W. Menzel. 1953. The annual cycle of reproduction, growth and fattening in Louisiana oysters. Proc. Natl. Shellfish Assoc. 44: 39-50.

I

Ingle, R. M. & C. E. Dawson Jr. 1952. Growth of the American oyster, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin) in Florida waters. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Caribb. 2: 393-403.

J

Jordan, S. J. 1995. Population and disease dynamics of Maryland oyster bars: a multivariate classification analysis. J. Shellfish Res. 14: 459-468.

K

Kim, Y. & E. N. Powell. 2009. Long-term variation of Perkinsus marinus infection in Gulf of Mexico oysters. J. Shellfish Res. 28: 708-708.
Kim, Y., E. N. Powell, T. L. Wade, B. J. Presley & J. M. Brooks. 1999. Influence of climate change on interannual variation in contaminant body burden in Gulf of Mexico oysters. Mar. Environ. Res. 48: 459-488.
Kim, Y. K. & E. N. Powell. 1998. Influence of climate change on interannual variation in population attributes of Gulf of Mexico oysters. J. Shellfish Res. 17: 265-274.
Klinck, J. M., E. E. Hofmann, E. N. Powell & M. M. Dekshenieks. 2002. Impact of channelization on oyster production: a hydrodynamic-oyster population model for Galveston Bay, Texas. Environ. Model. & Assess. 7: 273-289.
Klinck, J. M., E. N. Powell, J. N. Kraeuter, S. E. Ford & K. A. Ashton-Alcox. 2001. A fisheries model for managing the oyster fishery during times of disease. J. Shellfish Res. 20: 977-989.

L

La Peyre, M., A. D. Nickens, A. K. Volety, G. S. Tolley & J. F. La Peyre. 2003. Environmental significance of freshets in reducing Perkinsus marinus infection in eastern oysters Crassostrea virginica: potential management applications. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 248:165-176.
La Peyre, M., S. Casas & J. La Peyre. 2006. Salinity effects on viability, metabolic activity and proliferation of three Perkinsus species. Dis Aquat Org 71: 59–74.
La Peyre, M., B. Gossman & J. F. La Peyre. 2008. Effects of freshwater diversions: an experimental determination of the effects of freshets on the oyster parasite, Perkinsus marinus. J. Shellfish Res. 27: 1041-1041.
Livingston, R. J., F. G. Lewis, G. C. Woodsum, X. F. Niu, B. Galperin, W. Huang, J. D. Christensen, M. E. Monaco, T. A. Battista, C. J. Klein, R. L. Howell & G. L. Ray. 2000. Modelling oyster population response to variation in freshwater input. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 50: 655-672.
Livingston, R. J., X. Niu, F. G. Lewis & G. C. Woodsum. 1997. Freshwater input to a gulf estuary: long-term control of trophic organization. Ecol. Appl. 7: 277-299.

M

Mackin, J. G., H. M. Owen & A. Collier. 1950. Preliminary note on the occurrence of a new protistian parasite, Dermocystidium marinum n. sp. in Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin). Science 111:328-329.
Mann, R. & E. N. Powell. 2007. Why oyster restoration goals in the Chesapeake Bay are not and probably cannot be achieved. J. Shellfish Res. 26: 905-917.
Mann, R., M. Southworth, J. M. Harding & J. A. Wesson. 2009. Population studies of the native eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, (Gmelin, 1791) in the James River, Virginia, USA. J. Shellfish Res. 28: 193-220.
Melancon, E., T. Soniat, V. Cheramie, R. Dugas, J. Barras & M. Lagarde. 1998. Oyster resource zones of the Barataria and Terrebonne estuaries of Louisiana. J. Shellfish Res. 17: 1143-1148.

N

Nickens, A. D., J. F. La Peyre, E. S. Wagner & T. R. Tiersch. 2002. An improved procedure to count Perkinsus marinus in eastern oyster hemolymph. J. Shellfish Res. 21: 725-732.

O

Ogle, J. & K. Flurry. 1980. Occurrence and seasonality of Perkinsus marinus (Protozoa, Apicomplexa) in Mississippi oysters. Gulf Res. Rep. 6: 423-425.
Owen, H. M. 1953. Growth and mortality of oysters in Louisiana. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Caribb. 3: 44-54.

P

Pollack, J. B., A. Cleveland, T. A. Palmer, A. S. Reisinger & P. A. Montagna. 2012. A restoration suitability index model for the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) in the Mission-Aransas Estuary, TX, USA. Plos One 7.
Powell, E. N., J. D. Gauthier, E. A. Wilson, A. Nelson, R.R. Fay & J. M. Brooks. 1992. Oyster disease and climate change. Are yearly changes in Perkinsus marinus parasitism in oysters (Crassostrea virginica) controlled by climate cycles in the Gulf of Mexico? P.S.Z.N.I. Mar. Ecol. 13:243-270.
Powell, E. N. & J. M. Klinck. 2007. Is oyster shell a sustainable estuarine resource? J. Shellfish Res. 26: 181-194.
Powell, E. N., J. M. Klinck, K. Ashton-Alcox, E. E. Hofmann & J. M. Morson. 2012. The rise and fall of Crassostrea virginica oyster reefs: the role of disease and fishing in their demise and a vignette on their management. J. Mar. Res. 70: 505-558.
Powell, E. N., J. M. Klinck, K. A. Ashton-Alcox & J. N. Kraeuter. 2009. Multiple stable reference points in oyster populations: implications for reference point-based management. Fish. Bull. 107: 133–147.
Powell, E. N., J. M. Klinck & E. E. Hofmann. 1996. Modeling diseased oyster populations. II. Triggering mechanisms for Perkinsus marinus epizootics. J. Shellfish Res. 15: 141-165.
Powell, E. N., J. M. Klinck, E. E. Hofmann & S. Ford. 1997. Varying the timing of oyster transplant: implications for management from simulation studies. Fish. Oceanogr. 6: 213-237.
Powell, E. N., J. M. Klinck, E. E. Hofmann & M. A. McManus. 2003. Influence of water allocation and freshwater inflow on oyster production: A hydrodynamic-oyster population model for Galveston Bay, Texas, USA. Environ. Manage. 31: 100-121.
Powell, E. N., J. M. Klinck, E. E. Hofmann & S. M. Ray. 1994. Modeling oyster population. IV: rates of mortatlity, population crashes, and management. Fish. Bull. 92: 347-373.
Powell, E. N., J. N. Kraeuter & K. A. Ashton-Alcox. 2006. How long does oyster shell last on an oyster reef? Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 69: 531-542.
Powell, E. N., J. M. Klinck, K. Ashton-Alcox, E. E. Hofmann & J. M. Morson. 2012. The rise and fall of Crassostrea virginica oyster reefs: the role of disease and fishing in their demise and a vignette on their management. J. Mar. Res. 70:505-558.
Powers, S. P., C. H. Peterson, J. H. Grabowski & H. S. Lenihan. 2009. Success of constructed oyster reefs in no-harvest sanctuaries: implications for restoration. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 389: 159-170.

Q

Quick, J.A., Jr. 1972. Fluid thioglycollate medium assay of Labyrinthomyxa parasites in oysters. Fla. Dept. Nat. Resour., Mar. Res. Lab., Leafl. Ser. Vol. 6, Pt. 4, No. 3. 12 pp.

R

Ragone, L. M. & E. M. Burreson. 1993. Effect of salinity on infection progression and pathogenicity of Perkinsus marinus in the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginia (Gmelin). J. Shellfish Res. 12: 1-7.
Ray, S. M. 1966. A review of the culture method for detecting Dermocystidium marinum, with suggested modifications and precautions. Proc. Natl. Shellfish Assoc. 54:55-69.
Ray, S. M. 1996. Historical perspective on Perkinsus marinus disease of oysters in the Gulf of Mexico. J. Shellfish Res. 15: 9-11.

S

Soniat, T. M. 1988. Oil and oyster industry conflicts in coastal Louisiana. J. Shellfish Res. 7: 511-514.
Soniat, T. M. 1996. Epizootiology of Perkinsus marinus disease of eastern oysters in the Gulf of Mexico. J. Shellfish Res. 15: 35-43.
Soniat, T. M. & M. S. Brody. 1988. Field validation of a habitat suitability index model for the American oyster. Estuaries 11: 87-95.
Soniat, T. M. & E. V. Kortright. 1998. Estimating time to critical levels of Perkinsus marinus in eastern oysters, Crassostrea virginica. J. Shellfish Res. 17: 1071-1080.
Soniat, T. M., E. N. Powell, E. E. Hofmann & J. M. Klinck. 1998. Understanding the success and failure of oyster populations: The importance of sampled variables and sample timing. J. Shellfish Res. 17: 1149-1165.
Soniat, T. M., C. M. Finelli & J. T. Ruiz. 2004. Vertical structure and predator refuge mediate oyster reef development and community dynamics. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 310: 163– 182.
Soniat, T. M., E. E. Hofmann, J. M. Klinck & E. N. Powell. 2008. The El-Nino Southern oscillation and the North Atlantic Oscillation differentially modulate Perkinsus marinus and Haplosporidium nelsoni in eastern oyster populations. J. Shellfish Res. 27: 1053.
Soniat, T. M., J. M. Klinck, E. N. Powell & E. E. Hofmann. 2005. Understanding the success and failure of oyster populations: climatic cycles and Perkinsus marinus. J. Shellfish Res. 24: 83-93.
Soniat, T. M., J. M. Klinck, E. N. Powell, N. Cooper, M. Abdelguerfi, E. E. Hoffmann, J. Dahal, S. Tu, J. Finigan, B. S. Eberline, J. F. La Peyre, M. K. La Peyre & F. Quaddoura. 2012. A shell-neutral modeling approach yields sustainable oyster harvest estimates: a retrospective analysis of the Louisiana state primary seed grounds. J. Shellfish Res. 31:1103-1112.
Soniat, T. M., J. M. Klinck, E. N. Powell & E. E. Hofmann. 2012. Understanding the success and failure of oyster populations: periodicities of Perkinsus marinus and oyster recruitment, mortality, and size. J. Shellfish Res. 31:635-646.
Soniat, T.M., Conzelmann, C.P., Byrd, J. D., Roszell, D. P., Bridevaux, J. L., Suir, K. J., Colley, S. B. 2013 Predicting the effects of proposed Mississippi River diversions on oyster habitat quality: application of an oyster habitat suitability index model. J. Shellfish Res. 32:629-638.
Soniat, T. M., Cooper, N., Powell, E. R., Klinck, J. M., Abdelguerfi, M., Tu, S., Mann, R., Banks, P. D. 2014 Estimating sustainable harvests of eastern oysters,Crassostrea virginica. J. Shellfish Res. 33:381-394.

T

Tolley, S. G., A. K. Volety & M. Savarese. 2005. Influence of salinity on the habitat use of oyster reefs in three southwest Florida estuaries. J. Shellfish Res. 24: 127-137.

U

Ulanowicz, R. E., W. C. Caplins & E. A. Dunnington. 1980. The forecasting of oyster harvest in central Chesapeake Bay. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 11: 101-106.

V

Villalba, A., K. S. Reece, M. C. Ordas, S. M. Casas & A. Figueras. 2004. Perkinsosis in molluscs: a review. Aquat. Living Resour. 17: 411-432.
Volety, A. K., L. Haynes, L. Smith, B. Denkert, P. Sime, P. Goodman & P. H. Doering. 2009. Seasonal dynamics of Perkinsus marinus disease, reproduction and recruitment of oyster, Crassostrea virginica, in SW Florida estuaries. J. Shellfish Res. 28: 736-736.
Volety, A. K., M. Savarese, S. G. Tolley, W. S. Arnold, P. Sime, P. Goodman, R. H. Chamberlain & P. H. Doering. 2009. Eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) as an indicator for restoration of Everglades ecosystems. Ecol. Indicators 9: S120-S136.

W

Wesson, J. A., R. Mann & M. W. Luckenbach. 1999. Oyster restoration in Virginia. In: M.W. Luckenbach, R. Mann & J.A. Wesson, eds. Oyster reef habitat restoration: a synopsis and synthesis of approaches. Gloucester Point, VA: Virginia Institute of Marine Science Press. pp. 117-129.
Wilson, E. A., E. N. Powell, M. A. Craig, T. L. Wade & J. M. Brooks. 1990. The distribution of Perkinsus marinus in gulf coast oysters-its relationship with temperature, reproduction and pollutant body burden. Int. Rev. Gesamt. Hydrobiol. 75: 533-550.
Wilson, E. A., E. N. Powell, T. L. Wade, R. J. Taylor, B. J. Presley & J. M. Brooks. 1992. Spatial and temporal distributions of contaminant body burden and disease in Gulf of Mexico oyster populations-the role of local and large-scale climatic controls. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen 46: 201-235.

XYZ

Yamaguchi, K. 1994. Shell structure and behaviour related to cementation in oysters. Mar. Biol. 118: 89-100.
Zaroogian, G. & P. Yevich. 1994. The nature and function of the brown cell in Crassostrea virginica. Mar. Environ. Res. 37: 355-373.